The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of race and ethnicity on differences in maternal and perinatal outcomes among U.S.-born and foreign-born women, as well as racial and ethnic disparities in outcomes within these groups. Overall, women born in the United States are at higher risk of several adverse perinatal outcomes compared to foreign-born women. Racial and ethnic disparities in birth outcomes exist in both groups. However, the complex interplay between biopsychosocial influences that mediate these inequities appear to have different effects among U.S- and foreign- born women. A better understanding of these factors can be used to combat disparities and improve outcomes for all women.


  1. Acevedo-Garcia, D., Soobader, M., & Berkman, L. F. (2005). The differential effect of foreign-born status on low birth weight by race/ethnicity and education. Pediatrics (evanston), 115(1), e20–e30

  2. Acevedo-Garcia, D., Soobader, M., & Berkman, L. F. (2007). Low birthweight among US hispanic/latino subgroups: The effect of maternal foreign-born status and education. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 65(12), 2503–2516.

  3. Bach, P. B. (2003). Unequal treatment: Confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care. The New England Journal of Medicine, 349(13), 1296. 


Please Sign in (or Register) to view further.